Plain Talk 2: Pre-Contact

First Nations societies pre-pontact were highly developed and sophisticated cultures with systems that nurtured their members, designed technologies suited to their needs and surroundings, and lived harmoniously with their natural environment.


Plain Talk 3: Impacts of Contact

The arrival of Europeans in North America is generally referred to as contact. The impacts of contact were widespread, affecting every dimension of First Nations culture, language, and ways of being.

Impacts of Contact

Plain Talk 4: Treaties

From the time of their first arrival in North America, European nations worked out a number of different arrangements with First Nations.


Plain Talk 5: The Indian Act

The Indian Act of 1876 is a legal document and a set of laws that gave the Government complete control over the lives of First Nations peoples.

The Indian Act

Plain Talk 6: Residential Schools

Learn about the history of residential school system, and it impacts on Indigenous people.

Residential Schools

Plain Talk 7: Timelines and Maps

Graphical representations of the history of First Nations, Inuit and M├ętis people in Canada.

Timelines and Maps

Plain Talk 8: Cultural Competency

Learn about cultural protocols including how to connect with Elders, how to present tobacco, sacred medicines and pouches, and more.

Cultural Competency

Plain Talk 9: First Nations Holistic Lifelong Learning Model

A learning and intelligence approach that is consistent with First Nations values and principles.

First Nations Holistic Lifelong Learning Model

Plain Talk 10: First Nations Performance Indicators Checklist

A culturally-relevant tool to assess educational strengths and weaknesses, and to develop programs to enhance educational success from a First Nations perspective.

First Nations Performance Indicators Checklist

Plain Talk 11: First Nations Control of First Nations Education

Explores the inherent right of First Nations to develop education policies that meet the needs of learners.

First Nations Control of First Nations Education

Plain Talk 13: Role Models and Scholarships

Explores the concept of Role Models, provides a brief biography of 34 First Nations Role Models, and explores financial support for post-secondary education.

Role Models and Scholarships

Plain Talk 14: Engaging the Community

Ideas for how communities can mobilize themselves to address important issues.

Engaging the Community

Plain Talk 15: Student Success

How the First Nations Holistic Lifelong Learning Model and the Change Paradigm offer a road map for enhancing student success.

Student Success

Plain Talk 17: Quality of Life

The experiences and activities that are part of normal enjoyment of living.

Quality of Life

Plain Talk 18: Ending Violence Against Women

Current statistics and underlying risk factors behind violence against First Nations Women.

Ending Violence Against Women

Plain Talk 19: Economic Growth and Employment

Finding satisfying and productive employment and accessing jobs and occupations.

Economic Growth and Employment

Plain Talk 20: Accountability

Exploring genuine accountability relationships among the Government of Canada, First Nations governments, and the citizens they represent.


Plain Talk 21: Practical Guidelines for Writing Proposals

Helpful tips and guidelines for preparing proposals and grant applications.

Practical Guidelines for Writing Proposals