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Battiste, Marie Ann & Barman, Jean. 1995. First Nations Education in Canada: The Circle Unfolds. UBC Press.

Canadian Council on Learning. 2009. No “Drop” in the Bucket: The High Costs of Dropping Out. Cappon, P. 2008. Measuring Success in First Nations, Inuit and Métis Learning. Policy Options.

Durand, Martine. 2008. Aboriginal Youth Drop-out Rates a Weak Spot in Canadian Education. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

First Nations Control of First Nations Education: It’s Our Vision, It’s Our Time, 2010. Assembly of First Nations.

First Nations Holistic Lifelong Learning Model, 2007. Redefining How Success is Measured in First Nations, Inuit and Métis Learning. Canadian Council on Learning.

First Nations Information Governance Centre: Quick Facts RHS 2002/2003. facts

Indian Control of Indian Education, 1972. National Indian Brotherhood.

International Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination, 1965.

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. 1966. United Nations.

Kirkness, V. J. and R. Barnhardt, 2001. First Nations and Higher Education: The Four R’s – Respect, Relevance, Reciprocity, Responsibility. Knowledge Across Cultures: A Contribution to Dialogue Among Civilizations. R. Hayoe and J. Pan. Hong Kong, Comparative Education Research Centre, The University of Hong Kong.

Levine, H. M., Belfield, C., Muennig, P., & Rouse, C. 2007. The Costs and Benefits of an Excellent Education for All of America’s Children. Leeds National Benefit-Cost.

Mendelson, M. 2008. Improving Education on Reserves: A First Nations Education Authority Act. Caledon Institute of Social Policy.

Nurturing the Learning Spirit of First Nations Students. 2012. The Report of the National Panel on First Nation Elementary and Secondary Education for Students on Reserve.

UN General Assembly, Convention on the Rights of the Child, 20 November 1989, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1577, p. 3, available at: [accessed 21 September 2012].

United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. 2007.

Image Sources

  • pg.2
    • Council Meetings after Our Past​ © Three Things Consulting
  • pg.8
    • Hunter’s First Day of School ​Photo Credit: Marseline Chikane
  • pg.11
    • UNDRIP Cover​ United Nations
  • pg.16
    • Raised Voices: Carriers of Hope Calls to Action Cover​ AFN
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